ClockFriday, 23/07/2021 08:13

Van Cao - the musician of Ngu River

TTH.VN - Van Cao rarely visited Hue but strangely enough, his best songs were inspired by Hue. His first poem also got started with the Perfume River.

Portraying Trinh Cong Son in “Trinh and I”Mien Duc Thang and music therapy

The music sheet of Thien Thai, reprinted in 1955 by Tinh Hoa Publishing House with Van Cao’s autograph

In 1986, in a letter to artists in Hue, he wrote: “Hue was my inspiration in the 1940s. My poetry and music started from there. Perhaps the history and scenery of the ancient capital inspired me. For that place, one has to think a lot not only about history, but also about a culture. Hue people live with pride and creativity. Perhaps their creativity helped me compose music and poetry.”

In 1940 Van Cao came to Hue and sailed on the Perfume River in an autumn night. (“The moon is slowly setting; the breeze is soft".) The atmosphere on the river that night haunted the poet-musician deeply. Right on that boat trip on the Perfume River that year, his first poem was born: A Cold Music Night on the River of Hue.

This is one of the excellent poems about the Perfume River and Ca Hue (Hue singing.) In the dense misty atmosphere, echoes from his soulmate appeared: "As Tu Ky listens to Ba Nha’s music / You are listening to me playing the autumn of the old days.”

In such a space, the passionate artist from the North fell in love with the love song by a Hue girl: “Giong hat sau chi phan nu oi/ Tung canh troi diem mot sao roi/ Ta trang lan hiu gio/ Anh lua chai xa thap thoang troi…” (“Why is your voice so sad, girl/ counting the falling stars/ The moon is slowly setting; the breeze is soft/ Light from the fishing boat is drifting...” The poem ends with the two most beautiful and romantic lines about Hue: “Mot dem dan lanh tren song Hue/ Oi nho nhung hoai vat ao xanh.” (“Playing the instrument in a cold night on the river of Hue/ How I miss the blue ao dai forever.”)

With the magic feelings from that night on the Perfume River, the artist went to Saigon and composed the song On the Perfume River. One day in 1941, while sailing on the river of Phi Liet in Hai Phong listening to Ca Tru (type of traditional singing in the north) echoing on the lonely river, his feelings on the Perfume River suddenly arose and the song Thien Thai was born. (The song was signed by Van Cao and Hoang Thoai. According to Pham Duy, Hoang Thoai is the pen name of Do Huu Ich, Van Cao’s friend.)

According to the musician Truong Quang Luc, Thien Thai was originally the song On the Perfume River composed by Van Cao in Saigon and was performed there, but it was not a success. In 1941, when he returned to Hai Phong, he revised both the music and the lyrics and renamed it Thien Thai. 

Thien Thai is both a song and a picture painted with soaring melodies, the pure essence of poetry and the color of mythology. It is the Perfume River in his heart that created a virgin and pure space for Luu Nguyen and Van Cao to immerse themselves in and sublimate. 

Thien Thai was published by Tinh Hoa Publishing House in 1944. It was then reprinted in 1955 with Van Cao’s autograph. Van Cao identified himself as a man of Ngu River. “Thien Thai is like Van Cao's dreamland. We cannot enter that forbidden garden. That is the private realm of Van Cao, the man of Ngu River,” said Pham Duy.

Later masterpieces by Van Cao such as Suoi Mo and Truong Chi composed between 1941-1943 were all inspired by the mossy fairy-tale citadel in Hue, the drifting Perfume River, and the charming figure of a Hue shy girl in her ao dai. 

In 1987 the man of Ngu River had the opportunity to return to Hue. The musician was invited by Hue poets to get on the boat to recollect the old echoes of "A Cold Night on the River of Hue.” It was a rainy autumn day. The autumn rain in Hue is nostalgic. It makes people think about their memories of old days. In that context, Van Cao wrote the poem Ancient Hue

“Coming back to ancient Hue

Streets in lengthened rain

Coming back to old streets

Sad rain

Painful faces

Broken glass

Streets and people

Drops of parting

Drops of love

All linger


People arrive with the rain

Sounds of pouring rain

Coming back to ancient Hue

Looking at old streets

Huong River covered with rain”

Before, he had been haunted by a girl singing in an autumn night on the Perfume River. This time when coming back, he was haunted by drops of rain with his memories while his heart was free. The melody of the poem was no longer as high as the song Thien Thai, nor as calm as Suoi Mo. The rhythm is now as slow as the footsteps of a traveler in harmony with the sad rain, but his heart is drifting back to the past.

With each raindrop of nostalgia, each raindrop of remembrance, are the imperial city experiences, the manifestations of sad separation, the helplessness of regrets that are following the pouring rain...

Leaving the imperial city, the man of Ngu River was invited to taste the speciality wine of Chuon Village. The wine made Van Cao drunk, giving him exciting moments.

He also had the opportunity to drink with fishermen on the lagoon until very drunk to write the poem “Night on Tam Giang Lagoon" with “windy” verses.

“I’m sleeping on the net

Besides sailors

Lots of wind coming in

Dreaming a strange dream”

The following lines are very “Van Cao”:

“I grasp the net

The net is the last thing

That throws me into the sea”

Van Cao is a musician and poet of Ngu River, but his works about Hue are invaluable.

Story and photo: HA NGUYEN

Be the first to review this post!


“Coming to Hue, like coming home”

It is the soothing feeling of many visitors after experiencing Hue culture, with quiet citadels and temples, green nature, gentle Perfume River, as well as friendly and close people.

“Coming to Hue, like coming home”
Ao Dai showcasing by the Perfume River

On the morning of May 1st, Hue City Women's Union, in collaboration with Hue City Labour Federation, Hue Youth Union, and Hue Sports and Culture Information Center, organized an event called “Ao Dai by the Perfume River.”

Ao Dai showcasing by the Perfume River
"Meeting" musician Trinh Cong Son again

Through the photo exhibition themed “Trinh Cong Son - Meeting you again for the first time”, people with great affection for the late talented musician can meet him again in his every day and simple moments.

Meeting musician Trinh Cong Son again
Cung Tien - The golden crane flies back to its homeland

In the cozy space of the house with ancient architecture on the banks of the Huong River, Cung Tien music lovers had immersed themselves in a romantic, melancholy atmosphere, letting their souls be carried away in the love songs which have a special place in people's hearts.

Cung Tien - The golden crane flies back to its homeland
Return to top